Blake Shaffer is an associate professor in economics and public policy at the University of Calgary. His research focus is at the intersections between climate policy and electricity markets. Prior to returning to academia, Shaffer had a 15 year career in energy trading, specializing in electricity, natural gas and emissions markets. He holds a PhD in economics from the University of Calgary, Master of Philosophy in economics from the University of Cambridge and a bachelor’s degree in environmental sciences from Queen’s University. He has recently held visiting scholar and Fulbright postdoctoral scholar positions at the Toulouse School of Economics and Stanford University. He has also served as policy advisor for the governments of Alberta, British Columbia and Canada on energy and environmental policy matters.