January 16, 2023
CC Arctic Security: What Comes Next?
The January 16, 2023 CALL Café will feature two speakers with different perspectives on Arctic Security.
The Return of Great Power Politics in the Arctic and Renewed Threat of Nuclear War
The fighting in the Ukrainian-Russian war has acted as a reminder of the dangerous reality of nuclear war. Most preferred to believe that the end of the Cold War had eliminated any dangers that these weapons posed to human existence. The threats made by Russian president Vladimir Putin to use these weapons if he is challenged by the west are not empty. Since coming to power in 1999 as acting president, he has modernized both delivery systems and actual weapons. While ignoring these efforts at first, the United States and some of its allies have begun to take steps to meet these threats which are now creating a very dangerous security environment. Many of these systems are based in the Arctic because of Russian geography which has made this region one of the most important and dangerous in the world. This talk will focus on why this new reality has developed and what it means for Canada as a member of NATO, NORAD, and as an Arctic nation.
When Great Power Fails: Russia, Ukraine, and the New Arctic Geopolitics
As the tide of war in Ukraine turns against Russia, how that conflict ends will directly affect the conditions of possibility for the international order that will follow. In this talk, I argue that Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has cemented a new Arctic geopolitics and ask what a conventional Russian defeat in Ukraine means for the future of Arctic cooperation. I conclude by exploring two historical precedents for reintegrating Russia into the Arctic and international communities following its military defeat. I suggest that, like during the Cold War, environmental diplomacy offers valuable opportunities to advance environmental and climate goals in the Arctic, while facilitating Russia’s re-entry into a rules-based international order.