LARC--“Barbarous Games” and “Civilized Celebrations”:The Early History of Carnival in Brazil
Among other things, Brazil is known today for its elaborate carnival celebrations, but this was not always the case. Dr. Hendrik Kraay will discuss his research on the nineteenth-century history of pre-Lenten celebrations in Brazil. His main focus will be the criticisms of entrudo, the old Portuguese custom of water fights and other practical jokes, and their gradual substitution by what was known as carnaval (parading and masked balls). He will show how these cultural conflicts were very serious business to Brazilians, for they reflected the larger issues of the day.