LARC--An Overview of Latin American Regional Integration in the 21st Century
Regional integration is one of the key characteristics of regions in the 21st century. In Latin America over the last two decades a new regional architecture has been developed comprising old economic integration efforts (Andean Community, MERCOSUR) and new, more general fora (UNASUR, ALBA, CALC) that point out in divergent directions. The present overview of Latin American regional integration aims at exploring the implications of this situation. We will explore first the historical bases of integration and, second, the organizations that appear in the 21st century in order to discuss how changes in objectives and regional and global contexts are affecting the region’s insertion in the international system.